Croatian Report on SEMEP Activities in 2003 / 2004
Dr. Draško Šerman, NC Croatia
University of Zagreb Medical School, Department of Biology, Zagreb Salata 3, Croatia
Tel +385 1 4655658, Fax +385 1 4590199, Mobile +385 98 720650, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
This SEMEP Summer School turned to be the jubilary Fifth SEMEP Summer School on the Island of Vis, in the ex-military Camp Samogor managed contemporary by the City of Vis. Mr. sc. Marina Rudenjak-Lukenda and Principal Svetko Perković were the organizers and managers of the jubilary Vis Summer School.
· First «Croatian SEMEP Days» were organized in Bakar Maritime School, 9 – 12 October 2003: and addressed the general theme «KVARNER». The host was Professor Marica Kučan Pinezic and Professor Ivan Kučan, the Principal of the Maritime School in Bakar.
The first Croatian Days for UNESCO South Eastern Mediterranean Environmental Education Project (SEMEP) were organized by Professor Marica Kučan, SEMEP Schoool Coordinator, in the Maritime School in Bakar, at the beginning of the new academic year 2003/2004 and were conceptually dedicated to Kvarner. They were visualized as the first experimental effort to step boldly out of the School straight onto the Sea, on the deck of the Maritime Training Ship «Vila Velebita II» for the on site visit in the daycruise accross Kvarner in Northern Adriatic.
Kvarner includes geographically the aquatorium between Peninsula of Istra as the western border, and Velebit Mountain range along the Croatian coastline on the eastern border, including islands of Cres and Krk, the two largest ones in the huge family of 1185 islands, islet and rocks of the Adriatic Archipelago. Kvarner includes therefore the Bay of Rijeka and the Bay of Bakar, Vela Vrata, Srednja Vrata, Mala Vrata, Kvarnerić and the Velebit Channel as the major bodies of water which have supported since times immemorial the life, fisheries and subsistence of inhabitants on the Adriatic islands and the coastline, as well as navigational routes for travel and trades. Rijeka has developed therefore into a major city and sea port on the Adriatic Sea.
Very close to it eastwardly is the small and historical town of Bakar, with the cradle of our contemporary maritime education in the Maritime School of Bakar. This school has been for many years very active participant in UNESCO SEMEP activities and Summer Schools, and by the kind invitation of Professor Ivan Kučan, the Principal, hosted the first Croatian SEMEP Days on its premises, in its Nautical Cabinet, on board «Vila Velebita II» and in the Student Dormitories.
The SEMEP Days were designed to include various events: short festival of most recent SEMEP activities, SEMEP Seminar with lectures and groupwork and promotions for Friday, the 10th; and the whole day cruise on board «Vila Velebita II» accross Kvarner, with the two ports of call: Beli on Island of Cres and Glavotok on the Island of Krk with the old and famous Franciscan Monastery there, for Saturday the 11th. All that was planned as a contribution of UNESCO SEMEP to environmental education for sustainable development of Kvarner and dedicated to protection of the seawater and the freshwater resources in Kvarner, by stepping out of the School into the Wider Community.
It was planned to have participation of one student – reporter from every SEMEP school, as well as at least one SEMEP teacher and SEMEP School Coordinator from most participating schools all along the Adriatic Coastline, from Dubrovnik in the South, till Pula, Labin and Pazin in the North. Of course some more local students and teachers from Bakar, Rijeka and Sušak were invited to participate particularly for the Kvarner Cruise.
We have been honoured by almost unexpected response: City of Dubrovnik was represented in Bakar by its Medical School (Teacher Ms Marina Rudenjak Lukenda, Deputy SEMEP NC; student Tina Bosolt), Blato: Highschool (Dubravka Cetinić, Nela Žaknić; Vida Cetinić), Split by First Linguistic Gimnazija (Vesna Brkljačić-Sršen; Matea Dorčić, Sani Penović), Medical School (Jakov Giljum; Lara Isak, Daniela Jakšić), Business School (Višnja Banić; Amalija Tokić), Trogir: Highschool Ivana Lucića (Marija Kezele; Jelena Melvan), Zadar: Medical School (dr. Mirko Jamnicki Dojmi; Matilda Vidović), Obrovac: Highschool and Business School: Darko Tokić; Ana Šimičević, Željana Šakić), Senj: Highschool Pavla Rittera Vitezovića (Tomislava Vukušić; Vanja Bettle), Crikvenica: Highschool Antuna Barca (Marija Nestorović; Rajka Domijan, Sandra Šućurović, Sandra Ristić), Rijeka: Prva sušačka hrvatska gimnazija (Melba Blažić Grubelić), Prva riječka hrvatska gimnazija (Božica Radovanović; Anja Kolacio, Iva Fabris), Mali Lošinj: Elementary School Marija Martinolića (Jelena Jovanović), Labin: Highschool Mate Blažine (Čeda Perko; Maja Hamzić, Ana Stepančić), Pazin: Gimnazija Jurja Dobrile (Dušica Dorčić; Sandi Paulišić) and even continental Zagreb was represented by its VIIth Gimnazija (Vlatka Kuhar; Ana Fistrić), Xth Gimnazija (Bojana Borović), and XVIth Gimnazija (Jasna Salamon; Dunja Pekić).
Of course Bakar with its Maritime School was best represented by numerous teachers (Marica Kučan, Ivan Kučan, Gabrijela Polović, Dolores Paro Mikeli, Leon Vučina, Frane Lazanja, Davor Oštrić, Nevenka Pavletić, Bore Štrbac, Milovan Petrović, Jadranka Reggianini, Nada Jovanović, Nina Vuletić, Radiana Tomee-Cicvarić, Ines Veić, Sabina Bradarić), and many students (Andrej Prebeg, Marko Njegovan, Nena Polić, Monica Balzani, Hrvoje Brkljača, Vanja Matulić, Edi Borić, Sergej Marulić, Aleksandar Mataruga) among whom the most prominent were Elvio Ivanković with his competent computer support of the whole Meeting and Srđan Žuškin with his guitar, who was spontaneously in charge of keeping the spirits high and not allowing the Dalmatian song and jokes, humour and laughter ever to stop during brakes and on board «Vila Velebita II» (e-mail: email@example.com ) .
Bakar was represened also by its Port Authority and Captain Luciano Keber, presenting us with fascinating lecture on traditional wooden shipbuilding in our country, and Officer Boris Kučan, Chief of Engine, right now on board of an ocean going ship on its way to Japan, who has been on our little ship the chief of the large grill, providing delicious traditional Mediterranean Food to all teachers and students on board.
The Meeting was opened by welcome speeches of Principal Ivan Kučan as the host and Professor Gabrijela Polović who introduced us briefly to the history of Bakar Maritime School (Pomorska škola Bakar), and the chief Organizer Marica Kučan, who run the whole Meeting afterwards. All of us have learnt that Pomorska škola Bakar was inaugurated on 5th September 1849 as «Bakarska Nautika» and has been working since in various buildings, under different circumstances and different names, but was always distinguished by having the Maritime Training Ships (Školski brod) in posession as the crucial educational tool.
The first Školski brod «Margita» was constructed in English Shipyard Birkenhead (1880) as yacht of Henry Pigeon «Chonita» (Liverpool), and was inaugurated in Bakar, in 1894 as the first ever Croatian maritime training ship – sailing boat, and as «Školski brod – jedrenjak» was also the first training ship in the Merchant Navy in the whole of the Mediterranean Sea.
In 1908 the second Školski brod – Sailing Boat «Vila Velebita», constructed in German Shipyard Howaldswerke in Kiel as a brick-scooner replaced the former in the educational process, because «Margita» was getting too small for the ever increasing number of students of Bakarska Nautika. During thirty years of her life and educational service she has greeted on board students from all countries of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, as well as students from Chechia, Slovakia, Poland and Bulgaria. The appearance of this floating school was exceptionally beautiful and attracted attention wherever she appeared, and only the experts were able to hear the silent messages of this unusual sailboat resembling a luxury yacht. Insides, however, she was narrow, unconfortable and ascetic for many students - mariners, all being dedicated to practical training and sailing, to hard and full contact of Man and the Sea. She sailed all accross the Mediterranean paying calls to Barcelona and Marseilles, to Alexandria, Greece and Istanbul. She had survived the First World War waiting in Bakar and Obrovac, but she «died» at the beginning of The Second World War. Italian fascist forces have taken her to Italy and for two years 1941-1942 she was used by Italian Marina Militare under the name of Palinuro, but in 1943 on her way from Trieste to Southern Adriatic she was sunk by German Nazi forces.
The third Školski brod of Bakar Maritime School bears therefore the name
«Vila Velebita II» and started her educational function in Bakar in 1973. She
was constructed from wood in
The SEMEP Festival included short accounts and reports on the highlights of recent SEMEP events: the jubillary Fifth SEMEP Summer School on the Island of Vis in July (PowerPoint report by the Organizer: Marina Lukenda), report on the last Meeting of SEMEP National Coordinators in Turkey at the TED College Istanbul, and visit to Highschool Blato on the Island of Korčula (SlideShow report by NC), and brief reports by students of each participating school using transparencies and beautifully designed posters on their various and diversified project activities related to water, food and health: human health resulting from environmental health.
Lectures by invited speakers that followed were addressing the issues: Freshwater resources under threat (Mr. Sc. Margita Mastrović, Head of the Office for the Adriatic Sea, Ministry for Protection of the Environment), Solid Waste and student workshhets (Melba Blažić Grubelić), Risks in the Project Družba Adria for Omišalj Oil Terminal (Vjeran Piršić, Chair EKO Kvarner), Coastal destruction by collection of date-shells, Lithophaga lithophaga (Dr. Bartolo Ozretić, Center for Marine Research, Rovinj), History of classical wooden boat constructions in Croatia and model building (Captain Luciano Keber, Port Authority, Bakar).
Promotion of the book: «Illustrated Directory and Dictionary of the Adriatic Sea Fauna» (in eight languages: Latin scientific name, Croatian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish and Greek), by Mladen Ercegović, published by Medicinska naklada, Zagreb, 2003; was carried in Bakar, after its first promotion in Dubrovnik. This dictionary will be crucial for mutual understanding in any joined international educational effort on Marine Biodiversity between BSP and SEMEP hopefully sometimes in the future, in the Adriatic Sea, in Summer Schools or on board Vila Velebita II ? So you might like to start learning Croatian names for fish of your preference immediately by ordering the book from: firstname.lastname@example.org
Promotion of «Sailor's Bag»: an Educational Bag, which contained various educational materials ready for transport to Seminars, Ships and Sea: various books, e.g. Maritime Encyclopaedia, Seaman's Knots Encyclopaedia, SEMEP Posters in Rolls ready as present for all participating schools, set of transparencies, set of slides, malacological shell collection (including the beautiful delicate shells from the Baltic Sea: Jurmala Beach, Latvia), Mediterranean seafood samples to be tasted and tested during coffee brakes (marinated mackerel and salted sardines in olive oil, Bakar's sailors biscuits) and even CD Player with Wagner's CD: «Flying Dutchman Ouverture» to start the Meeting with and «Nostalgia» CD: «Na Omiškoj stini», to keep the meeting going in Dalmatian style, sound and mood.
The second book promoted was the Book of short stories: «Ponoćni tulum u školi» (Midnight Party in School), produced by students of the Medical School Zadar, edited by Dr. Mirko Jamnicki Dojmi and published by Medicinska škola Ante Kuzmanića, Zadar, 2003.
The third book introduced to our participants was «Water in the Mediterranean» edited by Professor Michael Scoullos and Ms Iro Alampei, and presented during the «Mediterranean Water Week» in Athens, 2002; at the First Meeting of MEdIES (Mediterranean Educational Initiative for Environment and Sustainability).
Groupwork that followed has been centered around major topics including: Environmental Education: WATER as the Essence of Life, Mediterranean FOOD for Health, Next SEMEP Summer School VIS 2004, and the «Solid Waste» Student Worksheets.
The next day, Saturday, was dedicated to the cruise on board «Vila Velebita II» and the full contact with the Sea, the landscapes of the coastline and seascapes of the Blue Adriatic Sea. They are seriously degraded in the Bay of Bakar and the Bay of Rijeka by unrestrained industrial development in coastal zone, with the cities of Rijeka and Kraljevica displaying their impressive Oil Industry Plants, Shipyard Constructions and docks, respectively. We sailed further along the Island of Saint Marko and observed there the longest bridge ever constructed in Adriatic, connecting the Island of Krk with the mainland. Upon approaching the Island of Krk we came accross the Oil Terminal in Omišalj, which we have heard yesterday is to be the destination for the ever larger scale of oil transfer into ocean going tankers and transport southward all along the Adriatic Coastline and Island Archipelago, in the contradictory Družba Adria Project. The landscape of the coastline in Omišalj is already scary enough and one tends to agree with all the fears and arguments pointed yesterday by the NGO EKO-Kvarner President Mr. Vjeran Piršić in his impressive presentation.
The trouble there is even worse because all the cozy little villages and towns
in Kvarner, including famous Opatija Riviera have been developing tourism, and
local people see the touristic alternative for the area much more promissing
for sustainable development of Kvarner. Even the rough economic benefit from
tourism of the area is tenfold stronger than the benefit from the oil terminal.
And it has been clearly pointed out by Dr.Edward Goldberg, Chemical
Oceanographer from Spripps Oceanographic Institute in
With such thoughts and dilemmas on our minds we were passing touristic villages of Njivice and Malinska along western side of Krk and entered Kvarnerić, heading straight to the northern tip of Island of Cres, called Tramuntana, and the medieval town of Beli. The landscape and seascape have changed drastically for the better. We have entered «the Mediterranean as it once used to be» : clean sea and impressive rocky coastline of Cres with no coastal construction and ugly industrial plants in the narrow coastal strip. We have landed in the small port of Beli next to the beach and climbed up the steep road to the village of Beli on its Eagle's Position of the island mountain range.
We were to visit the EKO-Center «Caput Insulae» which is well known worldwide for their fine work in study and protection of the remaining colony of the Griffon Vultures (Gyps fulvus) on the rocky shores of Island of Cres. The guided tour through the exhibition and information center by the volonteers have acquainted us with wisdom of the traditional lifestyle of island pupulation since the times of Roman Empire. They have managed to live and survive in the harsh conditions, together with vultures and the cold northerly wind Bura. After walking along the Educational paths and visiting the Town of Beli with its well preserved Roman Bridge, we have returned back to «Vila Velebita II», were we have been welcomed with lunch prepared on board: grilled fish (rumbac in Croatian, Latin scientific name: Scomber bisus, German: Makrelenthunfisch,: Spanish: melva, French: bonitou, English: bullet tuna, Italian: tombarello, Greek: kopáni ) or meat according to tastes and preferences.
Sailing this time was a short crossing the channel from Cres to Krk, to pay the call to Glavotok and the Franciscan Monastery there, which dates back to Middle Ages. We have been welcomed there warmly by fra Anto Garić, one among the Priests, who invited us to Church to join him in the evening prayer to God for Kvarner and the people there, both the local residents and those who come from all over Europe for recharging their batteries and souls in this safehaven of peace, beauty and spirituality. Students and teachers were invited afterwards into the closter for coffee and tasting of Bakarske baškote and Bakarska vodica. It made the perfect end of the day, the highpoint and evening event, almost the crown of the Cruise in Kvarner.
Departure from Glavotok was warm and optimistic filled with franciscan dedication to God, to Man and to Ecology, though we were to return into the darkness of the night and into the zone of industrially degraded landscapes of Rijeka and Bakar. They were looking even more ghostly in the blue of the night with all the intensive idustry spotlights and aggressive illumination, as visual signs of development and progress.
Full development has taken place there, quite evidently, and we cannot change it. But the question remains if we want further development to go on, at the same speed, with similar pattern, and in the same direction. Or do we want the other kind of development, the one which is called sustainable development, where local community has the right to chose, and to prove awareness of the basic transgenerational justice, and the rights of our children to enjoy the beauty of the Blue Adriatic and standing values of Kvarner, with its precious freshwater resources, which we have been blessed with, and lucky enough to enjoy fully in our times.
Sustainable development, as originally defined by Dr. Gro Harlem Brundtland is really the Story of Little Damjana Kučan, the youngest of all the participants on board «Vila Velebita II» for the Kvarner Cruise: the story of her future and scope of choices in Bakar. Her child's rights are in question: the right to swim in the sea in front of her house in the Bay of Bakar and to eat fish caught on line there without the fear of being intoxicated, and the right to drink the water entering the sea from numerous, clear and unpoluted, dependable and still unknown, vast, year-around freshwater reservoirs of the Karst landscape in Bakar.
That is what the sustainable development is all about, and what the most essential human rights stand for: the right to life, the right to water, the right of life in healthy enviroment.
· Communication with the Baltic Sea Project (BSP), and the present BSP General Coordinator, Dr. Jolanta Mol, Poland, resulted in the invitation to prepare an article on some SEMEP activity for the new issue of the «BSP Newsletter».
After interaction and communication with Dr. Birthe Zimermann, BSP Denmark, who was one of the previous BSP General Coordinators, the communication was established with contemporary and new BSP General Coordinator Dr Mol who invited us to share with UNESCO Sister Project BSP, some of our SEMEP activities in the Mediterranean Sea. The choice was finally the report of our SEMEP Days in Bakar Maritime School, and the text above will hopefully appear in the new BSP Newsletter, the first one being editted by Dr. Jolanta Mol.
· Teacher Training Seminar for SEMEP School Coordinators in Veli Lošinj 2004 on the occasion of the Earth Day – 2004 – Dan Zemlje addressed the general issue on the «CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE OF ISLANDS CRES AND LOŠINJ»
City of Veli Lošinj, Outreach School of Elementary School Maria Martinolića, 22 - 25 April 2004
The host of the meeting and local organizer was SEMEP School Coordinator Jelena Jovanović, ES Maria Martinolića, with support of the Director: Nenad Pavešić
Undersea Archaeology, by Irena Radić-Rossi
Vrana Lake and Freshwater Resources of the Islands, by Aleks Flego
Traditional Nutrition on Cres and Lošinj, by Dr. Vedrana Mužić
TheBlue World (Plavi svijet), by Jelena Jovanović
SEMEP–What next: Education for Sustainable Development, by Draško Šerman
Water in the Mediterranean (Book «Water in the Mediterranean», MEdIES)
food, health and sport: Worksheets developed in
Biological diversity of Adriatic Sea: Young Robinson Guide to Sea
Croatian SEMEP Days in Obrovac, September 2004 and other little secrets from «The Sailor's Bag»
MEDIES: Mediterranean Educational Initiative for Environment and Sustainability (Books)
Saturday, 24 04 2004 was dedicated for the one day excursion and field trip on board ship to the Island of Susak: and the issue «CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL HERITAGE OF CRES AND LOŠINJ»
· The most prominent international SEMEP achievement of our environmental education efforts at the level of elementary school was participation of our student Jakov Matunci from the Elementary School Maria Martinolića, Mali Lošinj, Island of Lošinj in the «Volvo Adventure for Young Environmentalists».
Student Jakov Matunci is dedicated for several years already in the protection of geko on his island Lošinj and in the City of Mali Lošinj. Upon the information and invitation to participate in the Global International Competition «Volvo Adventure for Young Environmentalists» in Göteborg, Sweden, Jakov Matunci and Jelena Jovanović, SEMEP School Coordinator, prepared documentation on his project of how to protect a species living next to us. His project was selected by the jury and invited by the organizers of «Volvo Adventure Competition for Young Environmentalists» to attend in Göteborg the final ceremony which was organized in Hotel Gothia Tower from 1st till 5th of May 2004. Jakov Matunci and his project won the third prize in this Global Competition.
The “CLEAN –UP THE MED” is organized by LEGAMBIENTE, the most
widespread environmental organization in
Through the years
the Clean Up the Med has involved about 2,800 organizations, schools,
universities, municipalities, hotels and tourist residence chains. We would
like this event to grow more to raise the awareness of public authorities; this
can only be possible with the complete cooperation of all those who LOVE our
It has the world’s second highest percentage of endemic species. The Mediterranean marine fauna, particularly pelagic forms such as anchovy, swordfish and tuna, has for millennia been central to the nutrition of human communities in the Mediterranean region, and dolphins and sea turtles have assumed a deep cultural significance. Nowadays sea turtles, Mediterranean Monk Seals and certain whales and dolphins, are at great risk of extinction in the basin because of past hunting and widespread habitat modification.
THE MAIN THREATS TO MEDITERRANEAN HABITATS ARE THE FOLLOWING:
· INTENSIVE AND ILLEGAL FISHING: every year 1-2 million tonnes of fish are landed
· TOURISM: 220 million tourists visit annually the Mediterranean producing high pollution impact
POLLUTION: 330,000 tonnes of
oil are dropped into the
THE 10 PRINCIPLES OF THE ECO-TOURIST
1. Don’t touch fish and marine invertebrates with you hands: do not remove the animals from their natural environment, for most of them it is vital to remain exactly where they are.
2. Killing animals is not a “game”: the colours, the form and the harmony of movements of starfishes, hippocampus and many other species are related to the fact of their being alive.
3. Do you take shower on the beach using soap? Do it at home! From the beach the soap goes directly into the sea increasing its pollution!
4. Do not throw anything in the WC! Cotton buds for example are made of a very resistant plastic stick which goes from your WC to the sea or on the beach and remains there for 20 – 30 years.
5. Don’t weigh anchor on “Posidonia bed”: it is the underwater habitat composed of sea-grass and being located near the coastline it represents the greatest wealth of Mediterranean biodiversity. By weighing anchor on it, you destroy a piece of it, and it defends your beach from wave erosion.
6. When motoring on the sea, it is like when you are in love: the faster is not necessarily the winner … slow down! Your engine noise disturbs the marine life and the people, and you cannot enjoy fully the coastline, the colours of the sea, the deep silence of the blue world.
7. Don’t take an “oil bath” before going for the “sea bath”! Try to be gradually exposed to sunlight which is better both for your health and that of the sea, thus you will use less sun oil and not create an oil slick around you when you swim. The suntan oil pollutes seawater.
8. Don’t throw anything on the beach or into the sea! Plastic bags for example cause death by smothering of many marine animals: dolphins, turtles … On the bottom of the sea, a plastic bag spells death to all the organisms of the seabed beneath it, for preventing the supply of oxygen.
9. Ask your authorities for information about the sanitary conditions and water quality on your beach and ask for “No bathing” signs! Particularly so if you are close to a port, a river mouth or drains.
10. Join us with the “Clean-Up the Med” action, to get our and your coasts more beautiful and to generate ecological awareness among all the citizens.
· Organization and Implementation of the 6th SEMEP Summer School on the Island of Vis, Hotel “Issa”, 8 – 15 July 2004. which addressed the theme: “Natural and Cultural Values of the Adratic”
The 6th SEMEP Summer School on the
This year we were honoured with participation of nineteen schools, twenty four teachers and forty one student. As a matter of fact, we had to restrict the number of students who wanted to participate to two per school, a girl and a boy from particular school as representatives of all their colleagues who have worked on various projects during the school year. Larger numbers of participants would be impossible to manage in the field work and group work activities.
Preparations for the Second
Croatian SEMEP Days, which are planned for 23 – 26 September
This meeting of SEMEP teachers and students will allow on site visit and learning in full contact with values and issues addressing the general theme “River Zrmanja”- as an important freshwater resource of the Adriatic Sea, the beautiful example of river basin and coastal zone interaction in the sea Novigradsko more, as well the phenomena of Karst in the nearby National Park “Paklenica”, belonging to the Core Zone of the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve “Velebit Mountain”.